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Wang Chongyang

Wang Chongyang is mentioned throughout the novels The Eagle-shooting Heroes and The Great Eagle and its Companion. Xie Xun mentions Wang Chongyang in chapter seven of Heavenly Sword and Dragon Sabre. And in the third edition of Heavenly Sword and Dragon Sabre he is also mentioned in chapter 16.

Original name: Wang Zhe
Alias: Central Divinity
Ethnicity: Han-Chinese
Affiliation: Quanzhen
Relatives: Unknown
Skills: Quanzhen martial arts, Yiyang Finger and attained proficiency in the art of Nine Negations.


In his younger years, Wang Zhe assembled an army of righteous, heroic men against the Jurchens with the objective to recover the lost territories of the Song dynasty and rescue the Han Chinese who lived under dire circumstances under the Jurchen rule. However, he could not overcome the strong and powerful Jurchen army and was defeated many times and in the end he gave up this dream of his. He retreated to his ancient tomb on Zhongnan Mountain, in this tomb he resided for many years contemplating on his mistakes. He felt that he had failed utterly and felt very depressed and hence he built this tomb. He refused to share the same sky with the Jurchens; many friends came to urge Wang Chongyang to come out of the tomb and not to give up like that. But he did not listen to his friends.

The emperor of the Jin empire still saw Wang Chongyang as a threat even when his army was gone. So, he sent more than ten martial arts experts to track down the ancient tomb and kill Wang Chongyang, however all of those martial arts experts were killed by Wang Chongyang instead. After the death of that emperor the new emperor did not know of Wang Chongyang and did not see him as a threat so no more experts were sent. It was Lin Chaoying who forced him out of the tomb in the end. Wang Chongyang had met Lin Chaoying earlier in his life and they were very close to each other, they even exchanged correspondence while Wang Chongyang was in war with the Jurchens.

She stood outside his tomb and cursed him for days and finally he stepped out of the tomb to confront his curser. But when he stood outside, Lin Chaoying laughed and said that he does not have to go back into the tomb anymore because he has already broken his vow by stepping out of the tomb. From then on, Lin Chaoying and Wang Chongyang roamed the realm of martial arts together. Together they would often train martial arts together and develop their martial arts to a higher level. Both fell in love with each other, unfortunately their prides got in their way. Lin Chaoying would often indirectly show hints of love towards Wang Chongyang, but he pretended not to see those hints. Wang did love her, but somehow he could not bring it to himself to openly accept her and start a relationship with her. Because of this Lin Chaoying thought Wang Chongyang looked down upon her and was angered. They would often quarrel and fight each other. Because Wang Chongyang was not eager to fight Lin Chaoying, she could sometimes gain the upper hand but that is usually because Wang Chongyang held back, they would often reach a draw.

In the end Lin Chaoying proposed a duel to end this endless debate. If Wang Chongyang defeated her, she would commit suicide. But if she won, Wang would have to surrender his ancient tomb to her or become a Taoist priest or a Buddhist monk and live in the vicinity of the ancient tomb on Mount Zhongnan for at least 10 years. The underlying meaning was giving up the tomb to her meant marrying her and live in the tomb together. Or if he did not want to, he had to become a Taoist priest or a Buddhist monk and thus preventing him from marrying another woman.

Wang Chongyang consented to this and asked how they would duel; Lin Chaoying said that whoever could write on a stone slab with his fingers would win. Wang Chongyang knew he could not do that and said he lost; Lin Chaoying walked over the stone slab and gently stroked the slab a few times. And started to used her fingers to carve a poem and after she was done she smiled wryly that Wang Chongyang was destined to become a Taoist priest. Lin Chaoying knew very well, that her level in martial arts was inferior to Wang Chongyang and proposed this duel, because by stroking the stone slab, she smeared a chemical substance on the slab to make it soft and thus making it possible for her to write on. The very next day, Wang Chongyang became a Taoist priest and resided at Zhongnan Mountain.

Wang Chongyang only found out how Lin Chaoying won many years later, when Huang Yaoshi visited him and he asked Huang if he knew how it was possible that Lin Chaoying could write on stone. Huang Yaoshi saw the slab and laughed and said he did not master this technique yet of writing on stone and said he would return one month later. After a month, Huang Yaoshi came back and together with Wang Chongyang they went back to the slab. Huang Yaoshi stroked the slab a few times too and started to write another poem on the slab. Wang Chongyang was extremely surprised and touched the slab and found out that it was soft and realised how Lin Chaoying had won.

In the beginning Wang Chongyang was very reluctant to become a Taoist priest, but after studying Taoist codices for some time he understood Taoism and became an enlightened priest. Thus, the Quanzhen School was founded. His sworn-brother Zhou Bo Tong became his younger martial arts brother and learnt martial arts from Wang Chongyang. He accepted seven disciples, teaching them Taoist philosophies and martial arts. His disciples became known as the Seven Masters of Quanzhen; Ma Yu, Tan Chuduan, Liu Chuxuan, Qiu Chuji, Wang Chuyi, Hao Datong and Sun Bu'er.

After many years, Lin Chaoying passed away. Wang Chongyang quietly entered the ancient tomb again to pay his final respects to the woman he loved. However, when he saw the martial arts Lin Chaoying carved on the walls of tomb he was shocked. Almost every stance of his Quanzhen style was countered, he was amazed by the marvellous Jade Maiden martial arts Lin Chaoying created. He went into retreat for three years, hoping to create a new set of martial arts to overcome the Jade Maiden Scriptures by Lin Chaoying. He was able to come up with some new styles but not the desired results he wanted. He gave up this objective to create a new set of martial arts and respected Lin Chaoying’s talent in martial arts.

Meanwhile, the Quanzhen School became the most prominent martial arts school in the entire realm of martial arts and was known as the Taoist orthodox martial arts style. The main principles of Quanzhen was to help others and resist the Jurchen aggressors in the north, and Wang Chongyang and the Quanzhen school not only won the respect of martial artists but also of the common people.

Several decades later, the Scriptures of Nine Negations appeared in the realm of martial arts. Many martial artists had died over this scripture, everyone wanted to claim this manual whatever it takes. The situation became more and more chaotic about a hundred martial artists had already died over this manual, so Wang Chongyang decided to invite the most prominent and powerful martial arts masters of that time to settle this dispute about the manual once and for all. He invited Eastern Heretic Huang Yaoshi, Western Venom Ouyang Feng, Southern Emperor, Duan Zhixing and Northern Beggar, Hong Qigong, they agreed to duel at Huashan. Whoever was the victor could claim the title of the number one martial arts expert of the time and have the Scriptures of Nine Negations. The duel would consist of a theoretical and a practical part, it lasted for seven days and seven nights. In the end, Wang Chongyang was victorious.

He entered the tournament of Huashan not to claim the manual or for the title of number one martial arts master, but to prevent the realm of martial arts thrown into turmoil and innocent lives wasted on this scripture anymore. He did not want to study the martial arts in the manual and prohibited all Quanzhen disciples to learn it.

But out of curiosity he flipped through the manual and read it, after about ten days he absorbed the contents of the scripture and became proficient in the Art of Nine Negations. He laughed heartily and knew know how to counter the Scriptures of Jade Maiden by Lin Chaoying. He went back into the tomb and carved a few techniques of the Nine Negations on the walls of the ancient tomb, which could counter the Scriptures of Jade Maiden.

One year after the tournament, Wang Chongyang and Zhou Botong travelled to the Dali Kingdom to meet Duan Zhixing. Wang Chongyang said that he admired the Yiyang Finger of the Duan Family and wished to learn this skill and in exchange he would teach Duan Zhixing the Pre-Heaven Energy. The reason for this was that Wang Chongyang knew he was dying and wanted to pass his Pre-Heaven Energy to Duan Zhixing so someone would be around to counter the West Venom after he himself died. He and Zhou Botong stayed in Dali for about half a month.

Prior to his death, he wished to burn the Scriptures of Nine Negations but he could not do it. Because he realised that the manual was not his to burn and hoped that in the future someone would make good use of the scriptures. But he issued a final order that no disciple of the Quanzhen school was allowed to learn the martial arts of the manual with that he died. Zhou Botong and the Seven Masters of Quanzhen were mourning for their Master, but later that night several martial arts experts came to the Chongyang Palace Shrine with the purpose of stealing the scripture. The Seven Masters quickly went outside to engage the enemies individually to prevent those martial arts experts from entering the shrine and possibly harming the body of Wang Chongyang. Only Zhou Botong remained in the main hall to wake, at this point Ouyang Feng came with the purpose of stealing the scripture. Zhou Botong did his best to stop Ouyang Feng, but was no match for him and was defeated.

Ouyang Feng was about to snatch the scripture which was put next to the coffin of Wang Chongyang. Suddenly the lid of the coffin was smashed and Wang Chongyang emerged from the coffin used his Yi Yang Finger to hit Ouyang Feng between the eyebrows. Ouyang Feng quickly ran off, nonetheless that blast of Wang Chongyang severely injured him and he had to use at least five years time to recover. It seems that a few days earlier, Wang Chongyang sensed that Ouyang Feng was lurking about in the vicinity. So he feigned his own death to lure him over and injure him. Wang Chongyang sat down cross-legged to rest; Zhou Botong did not disturb him because he knew that using Yi Yang Finger and Pre-Heaven Energy drains a lot of his energy. He quickly helped the Seven Masters to drive off the other enemies. All of them were very happy that Wang Chongyang was alive but when they came back to the main hall they saw that this time Wang Chongyang had really passed away.

Although the exact age when Wang Chongyang died is not mentioned, it is presumed that he died when he was 80 odd years old.


Third edition of HSDS

In the recently revised edition of HSDS, Wang Chongyang is mentioned again in chapter 16. It seems that after Wang Chongyang won the first Huashan tournament he met a Buddhist monk at Songshan. He had a drinking contest with this monk and lost. The bet was if Wang lost, the monk would be allowed to read the Scriptures of Nine Negations.