Imperial Bloodline of the Murong Family
The Murong Family of DGSD are descendants of the Imperial family of the ancient Yan Empire. The Murong clan originated in Liaodong (north-eastern China) and was the most powerful tribe of the White Xianbei. The ancestor of the White Xianbei was said to "admire (MU) the virtue of the Two Extremities, receive the grace (RONG) of sun, moon and stars", therefore his descendants took Murong as their family name. The Murong Family established several dynasties, they were: Former Yan (337-370), Latter Yan (384-407), Western Yan (384-394) and Southern Yan (398-410).
Former Yan (337-370)
1. Murong Huang (297-348)
2. Murong Jun (319-360)
3. Murong Wei (350-384)
Western Yan (384-394)
1. Murong Hong (?-384)
Son of Murong Jun, brother of Murong Wei. When the Former Yan empire was destroyed by Fu Jian, both Murong Wei and Murong Hong were taken prisoner and brought to Chang'an. In 383 Fu Jian was defeated at the battle of Feishui and the Murong clan saw chance to restore the Yan dynasty. After hearing that his brother Murong Wei was executed by Fu Jian, Murong Hong and his followers attacked Chang'an. He then proclaimed himself emperor of the western Yan dynasty. But Murong Hong treated his subjects very harsh and cruel, which eventually led to his death. In 384, only one year after his coronation, Murong Hong was killed by his advisors in the Chang'an Palace.
Murong Hong was known as the Prince of Jibei.
2. Murong Chong (?-386)
Son of Murong Jun, younger brother of Murong Wei and Murong Hong. When his brother Murong Hong rebelled against the Qin, Murong Chong gathered an army of 8000 mounted troops to join his brother. When Murong Hong was assassinated in 384, Murong Chong was chosen as the new leader of the Xianbei people. After his coronation, he attacked Chang'an relentlessly and took over the city. But once in Chang'an, Murong Chong decided to settle down and enjoy his wealth and luxury. His followers were all of Xianbei origin and wanted to return to their old homeland in the North-East, but Murong Chong did not want to give in to their demands. Finally in 386, the enraged troops stormed into the palace and Murong Chong was chopped into pieces.
Murong Chong ruled for 3 years and was called the Mighty Emperor.
3. Murong Yi (?-386)
Murong Yi was a minor prince of the Murong family. After Murong Chong's death, Murong Yi was chosen as leader but he did not held true power. After a few weeks, he too was assassinated.
Murong Yi was known simply as King of Western Yan.
4. Murong Yao (?-386)
Son of Murong Chong. Murong Yao did not held true power as an emperor and because his father Murong Chong was a tyrant, Murong Yao did not enjoy much popularity. Soon, all his followers left him and went to the side of Murong Yong. Murong Yao was then killed in an uprising.
Murong Yao was emperor for only a month. He too was known as King of Western Yan.
5. Murong Zhong (?-386)
Son of Murong Hong, founding emperor of the Western Yan. After Murong Yao's death, the Xianbei ministers and generals all urged Murong Yong to succeed the throne. But Murong Yong refused, saying that his relation with the royal bloodline was too distant to be emperor. Instead, Murong Yong supported Murong Zhong to become the new ruler. But Murong Zhong was only a puppet-emperor, all powers lie in the hands of Murong Yong. After two months, Murong Yong decided that his political position was fully secured. He then had Murong Zhong killed and took over the throne himself.
Murong Zhong was known as King of Western Yan.
6. Murong Yong (?-394)
Murong Yong was a distant member of the Murong imperial family. Through many schemes, he managed to become Chancellor of the Western Yan and got hold of all political powers. He then had emperor Murong Zhong killed and took over the throne himself in 386. His 9-year reign brought relative peace and order in the Western Yan Kingdom.
But this all came to an end in 394. Murong Jun's brother, Murong Chui had crowned himself emperor and established the Latter Yan dynasty in the North-East. In Murong Chui's eyes, there can only be one Murong Emperor. The Latter Yan army attacked the Western Yan, Murong Yong could not withstand the military might of Murong Chui and the capitol was surrounded. Murong Yong tried to flee but was captured and killed by the enemy troops. Murong Chui then took over the Western Yan territory.
Murong Yong was the last monarch of the Western Yan dynasty. He was titled Prince of Hedong.
Latter Yan (384-407)
1. Murong Chui (326-396)
Fifth son of Murong Huang. Of all of Murong Huang's sons, Murong Chui was the most talented. He was a remarkable warrior, tactician and statesman. As a general, he scored many victories and saved the Former Yan many times from enemy attacks. Murong Chui slowly became the national hero of the Yan Kingdom, which lead to jealousy from Murong Jun and his son Murong Wei. Murong Chui sensed this danger and together with his sons fled to the Qin Empire. Qin emperor Fu Jian personally welcomed him to his realm and made him his advisor. In 370 he helped Fu Jian to destroy the Former Yan, but deep in his heart he nurtured the ambition to restore the Yan Empire. His chance came in 384 when Fu Jian was defeated by the Eastern Jin army at the Battle of Feishui. Still, Murong Chui escorted Fu Jian back to Chang'an although his sons urged him to kill Fu Jian and usurp the throne. Murong Chui then bid farewell to Fu Jian and along with his sons he travelled to the North-East, united all Yan loyalists and established the Latter Yan Empire. Through many campaigns, Murong Chui managed to restore the Yan empire's territory and made Zhongshan his capitol. In 395, Murong Chui sent his son Murong Bao to attack the newly founded Northern Wei Kingdom. Murong Bao's army was defeated at Canhe Pass and totally annihilated. Murong Bao was the only one to escape. The next year, Murong Chui lead the army to take revenge on the Northern Wei. But when the army reached Canhe Pass, they saw the skeletons of the dead Yan soldiers. Filled with sadness and grief, Murong Chui fell ill and died.
Murong Chui is known in history as the Divine Martial Emperor.
2. Murong Bao (355-398)
Son of Murong Chui. His 2-year reign was marked by political turmoil. Murong Bao faced the threat of usurpment by his younger brother Murong Lin and the danger of the Northern Wei troops advancing towards his capitol. Unable to cope with such disasters, Murong Bao fled the capitol and retreated to the North-East. En route, he survived an assassination attempt by his son Murong Hui, who tried to take over the throne. In 398, Murong Bao and his followers finally got into the old Xianbei territory, only to be killed by his minister.
With Murong Bao's death, the Latter Yan Empire broke up into two parts: the Northern part, which will continue to be named Latter Yan, and the Southern part which is known in history as the Southern Yan dynasty.
Murong Bao was named Emperor Huimin after his death.
Murong Xiang (?-397)
Great-grandson of Murong Huang. Murong Xiang was originally an unimportant member of the Murong family, but when Murong Bao fled the capitol, he was chosen as new emperor. Unfortunately, Murong Xiang was an incompetent coward who hid himself in the palace, enjoying his wine and women. The citizens of the capitol revolted and killed the drunk Murong Xiang in his sleep. Murong Xiang ruled for only two months and was considered a "false" emperor. Therefore, he was not granted an imperial name after his death, he is only known for his original title "Duke of Kaifeng".
Murong Lin (?-398)
Youngest son of Murong Chui, brother of Murong Bao. Murong Lin was a treacherous, malicious backstabber who betrayed his own family more than once just for personal gain. As early as in 369, when his father Murong Chui fled the Yan Kingdom with his family, Murong Lin secretly left the party, returned to the Yan court and told Emperor Murong Wei about his father's escape plan. Later on, he also betrayed his oldest brother Murong Ling, which eventually led to the latter's death. But he was also a great schemer and provided his father many cunning tactics in later years. When Murong Chui restored the Yan dynasty and crowned himself emperor, he bestowed unto Murong Lin the title of Prince of Zhao.
In 397, Murong Lin planned to kill his brother Murong Bao and usurp the throne. The plan failed and Murong Lin and his followers fled into the mountains. When he heard that Murong Bao has left the capitol and Murong Xiang had crowned himself, Murong Lin attacked. The citizens of Zhongshan hated the foolish tyrant Murong Xiang and opened the gates to welcome Murong Lin. After having Murong Xiang killed by the mob, Murong Lin proclaimed himself emperor. But the armies of the Northern Wei have begun their attacks and Murong Lin was unable to defend the city. He and his soldiers then fled to the south to join his uncle Murong De. Murong Lin then urged Murong De to establish his own Southern Yan regime in Shandong. But soon, Murong Lin rebelled against his uncle. Murong De defeated Murong Lin and forced him to commit suicide.
Murong Lin was only emperor for a period of three months. He is known in history as the Prince of Zhao.
3. Murong Sheng (373-401)
Eldest son of Murong Bao. Succeeded his father's throne in 398 after crushing the revolt. But Murong Sheng was a paranoid, distrusting those who helped him become emperor. Many of his followers were falsely accused of treason and executed. His ministers soon lost all faith in the new emperor and Murong Sheng was killed in an uprising.
Murong Sheng was titled Emperor Zhaowu.
4. Murong Xi (?-407)
Son of Murong Chui, uncle of Murong Sheng. At his deathbed, Murong Sheng told his uncle to support his son, heir-apparent Murong Ding. But Murong Ding was still an infant, and Murong Xi convinced the Empress-Dowager (with whom he had a secret affair) to help him succeed the throne instead of Murong Ding. Thus, in 401 Murong Xi became the emperor of the Latter Yan.
Murong Xi was a shameless tyrant. After having killed the former heir-apparent Murong Ding, he betrayed the Empress-Dowager, the woman who helped him on the throne, and had her executed as well. During his 6-year reign, Murong Xi did many outrageous things, which included in having more than 5000 soldiers freeze to death just to please his favourite concubine.
In 407 one of his generals, the Korean warrior Gao Yun, revolted and captured Murong Xi. After having proclaimed publicly all the crimes of this tyrant, Gao Yun had Murong Xi executed.
Murong Xi was the last emperor of the Latter Yan Dynasty. He was titled Emperor Zhaowen.
Southern Yan (398-410)
1. Murong De (336-405)
Youngest son of Murong Huang, brother of both Murong Jun and Murong Chui. Murong De and Murong Chui have always been very close since childhood and often discussed important things with each other. When Murong Chui restored the Yan Dynasty in the year 384, Murong De became his right-hand. When Murong Bao succeeded his father as Emperor of the Latter Yan, he made his uncle Murong De governor of the southern regions of his realm. In 397 the Northern Wei army attacked the capitol and occupied the central part of the Yan Empire. Murong De and his followers fled to Henan. Having lost contact with his cousin Murong Bao (he had fled to the north), Murong De decided to do what his brother Murong Chui had done years before: Murong De crowned himself Prince of Yan. He then conquered Shandong province and made it his centre of power. In 400 Murong De officially proclaimed himself Emperor. His regime was called the Southern Yan dynasty. Murong De was an able monarch and during his reign the empire prospered.
Murong De died of illness in 405, he was posthumously titled Emperor Xianwu.
2. Murong Chao (385-410)
Nephew of Murong De. Murong De's sons have all died, therefore the old emperor made his closest relative, prince Murong Chao, the heir-apparent in 405. He then succeeded his uncle the same year.
Murong Chao was a incompetent ruler and brought the Southern Yan empire into total chaos. In 410 the Eastern Jin army under command of general Liu Yu successfully attacked the Southern Yan. Murong Chao along with the entire imperial family were taken prisoner. Murong Chao was executed in Nanjing.
Murong was the last ruler of the Southern Yan as well as the last monarch of the Murong dynasty.
In chapter 43 of DGSD, Murong Fu showed the Murong family tree to Xiao Feng. The lineage was traced from Great Ancestor Emperor Wenming Murong Huang to Emperor Zhaowen Murong Xi. Also, Murong Chao, last emperor of the Southern Yan, was mentioned. From this I conclude that Murong Bo and his son Murong Fu are descendants from either the Latter Yan or Southern Yan bloodline.